Procedures for reporting, investigating and recording work accidents and occupational illnesses
1. Work accidents procedures
1.1. Work accident: accident suffered by an employee during or in connection with regular work activity, irrespectively of the location and time as well as the degree of the (injured) employee’s potential contribution to the accident.
An accident shall be deemed to be in connection with work activity if it happens in the course of travelling, materials conveyance, washing (showering), using the catering service, occupational healthcare service or any other service provided by the employer, etc. that is connected to work activity conducted by the employee in the context of their job.
An accident is not in connection with work (i.e. shall not be deemed a work accident) if it happens in the course of commuting to or from work, except when travelling in a vehicle owned or rented/leased by the employer.
A work accident is considered severe when it results in:
- the death of the injured person (instantly or within 90 days of a condition medically confirmed to be a result of the accident), the death of the injured person’s foetus or new-born, or a permanent disability preventing the injured from leading an independent life;
- the loss of a sensory organ (or the function thereof), the loss of the ability to reproduce, or substantial limitations thereof;
- orvosi vélemény szerint életveszélyes sérülést, egészségkárosodást;
- extensive amputation, the loss of a significant part of a thumb, or two or more fingers of a hand or foot (and more severe injuries);
- the loss of speech, conspicuous disfiguration, paralysis, or mental disorder.
1.2. Work accidents and occupational illnesses must be reported, investigated and recorded.
1.3. MŰISZ is required to record the following information about work accidents:
- the injured person’s position;
- the time, place and nature of the injury;
- a description of the accident;
- measures taken to care for the injured person;
- whether the injured person continued their work activity;
- the name and position of the person making the record.
1.4. Work accidents that result in incapacity for work must be investigated forthwith.
1.5. The findings of the investigation must be recorded in a work accident protocol. A separate protocol must be drawn up about each person injured in five (5) counterparts.
1.6. MŰISZ is required, upon the conclusion of the investigation but not later than the 8th day following the month of the investigation, to forward the protocol to:
- the injured person; if deceased, to their direct relative, in one (1) counterpart;
- the Labour Supervision Unit, Employment Department, Government Office of Budapest, if the accident resulted in death or incapacity for work of a duration of more than three (3) days, in one (1) counterpart;
- the Social Security benefit payments agency, or the relevant health insurance fund, in two (2) counterparts; and
- the MŰISZ register, in one (1) counterpart.
1.7. Severe work accidents must be reported forthwith to the relevant authorities by telephone, telex or facsimile.
1.8. The injured person or the person discovering the accident must forthwith report the accident to the direct work supervisor.
1.9. Accidents suffered by employees seconded or transferred shall be investigated, reported and registered by the employer employing and directly supervising the injured person. The transferor/seconder must be notified about the accident.
1.10. The investigation of severe work accidents qualifies as specialist work-safety activity.
2. Procedures for alcohol testing
2.1. As a means of preventing working activity under the influence, alcohol breath tests shall be conducted at random.
2.2. Persons entitled to conduct alcohol testing are:
- the Board of Directors,
- the work safety officer.
2.3. The testing must be properly documented.
2.4. When a person contests their positive breath test result, on their request a blood test at the relevant healthcare institution must be arranged for.
2.5. A blood test must be requested in writing, and a blood-alcohol test kit must be provided.